Section 102 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) authorizes the designation of safe third countries for the purposes of co-responsibility for refugee applications. Only countries that respect human rights and offer a high level of protection to asylum seekers can be designated as safe third countries. The principle of family reunification should go beyond such an agreement and the applicant`s right to counsel should be established. Persons returned to one country or other countries should only be detained when they pose a threat to safety or the public, and children should only be detained as a last resort. The power of discretion should be used to allow the admission to Canada of the following persons: applicants who are less likely to be accepted in the other country, including those with a right to equality between women and men; Survivors of torture; People who would be arrested if returned to the other country; Applicants with special physical or psychological health needs; People who do not need help in either country; People with connections to the country, including language links, who help with integration; People who are not allowed to assert their rights in the other country. The system should be respectful and accountable to the people it serves. Applicants must be treated by the host country in accordance with human rights standards and international principles of refugee protection. Following the decision (in accordance with the CEMR) to repatriate an asylum seeker to another state, the State of origin should inform the applicant of the decision „in a language he or she has placed,“ give the applicant the opportunity to appeal the decision to an independent body and the document indicating that the claim has not been considered. , but was rejected solely on the grounds of the third country.
A person whose application for treatment is accepted must be heard before the Immigration and Refugee Board`s Refugee Protection Service (DPR). The PSD will review the right to its merits, including all evidence of the applicant`s risk and country conditions, before deciding whether the person needs Canada`s protection. If they find out they need protection, they can stay in Canada. If it is established that they are not vulnerable, they must return to their country of origin subject to appeal. If we look at a single map for Mexico and then for Central America, we mentioned that Guatemalans should apply for asylum in Mexico.